Dokument-ID Dokumenttyp Verfasser/Autoren Herausgeber Haupttitel Abstract Auflage Verlagsort Verlag Erscheinungsjahr Seitenzahl Schriftenreihe Titel Schriftenreihe Bandzahl ISBN Quelle der Hochschulschrift Konferenzname Quelle:Titel Quelle:Jahrgang Quelle:Heftnummer Quelle:Erste Seite Quelle:Letzte Seite URN DOI Abteilungen
OPUS4-12064 Masterarbeit / Diplomarbeit Majeed, Nomana Ayesha Mathematics Behind the Zcash Among all the new developed cryptocurrencies from Bitcoin, Zcash comes out to be the strongest cryptocurrency providing both transparency and anonymity to the transactions and its users by deploying the strong mathematics of zk-SNARKs. We discussed the zero knowledge proofs which is a basic building block for providing the functionality to zk-SNARKs. It offers schnorr and sigma protocols with interactive and noninteractive versions. Non-interactive proofs are further used in Zcash transactions where the validation of sent transaction is proved by cryptographic proof. Further, we deploy zk-SNARKs proofs following common reference string as public parameter when transaction is made. The proof allows sender to prove that she knows a secret for an instance such that the proof is succinct, can be verified very efficiently and does not leak the secret. Non-malleability, small proofs and very effective verification make zk-SNARKs a classic tool in Zcash. Since we deal with NP problems therefore we have considered the elliptic curve cryptography to provide the same security like RSA but with smaller parameter size. Lastly, we explain Zcash transaction process after minting the coin, the corresponding transaction completely hides the sender, receiver and amount of transaction using zero knowledge proof. As future considerations, we talk about the improvements that can be done in term of decentralization, efficiency by comparing with top ranked cryptocurrencies namely Ethereum and Monero, privacy preserving against the thread of quantum computers and enhancements in shielded transactions. 2020 Angewandte Computer- und Biowissenschaften
OPUS4-11863 Konferenzveröffentlichung Majeed, Nomana Ayesha Mathematics behind the Zcash Among all the new developed cryptocurrencies, Zcash comes out to be the strongest cryptocurrency providing both transparency and anonymity to the transactions and its users by deploying the strong mathematics of zk-SNARKs. We discussed the zero knowledge proofs as a building block for providing the functionality to zk-SNARKs. It offers schnorr protocol which is further used in Zcash transactions where the validation of sent transaction is proved by cryptographic proof. Further, we deploy zk-SNARKs following common reference string that allows sender to prove that she knows a secret such that the proof is succinct, can be verified and does not leak the secret. Non-malleability, small proofs and effective verification make zk-SNARKs a classic tool in Zcash. We deal with NP problems therefore we have considered the elliptic curve cryptography to provide the security. Lastly, we explain Zcash transaction, the corresponding transaction completely hides the sender, receiver and amount of transaction using zero knowledge proof. Mittweida Hochschule Mittweida 2020 8 Konferenzband zum Scientific Track der Blockchain Autumn School 2020 34 41 10.48446/opus-11863